How coal is formed

How coal is formed

Coal was created as a result of the change of layers formed as a result of the accumulation of plants in swampy areas. As a result of the accumulation of various deposits on these layers and the movements of the supply, it was buried deep. These plants are buried; When exposed to increased heat and pressure, they undergo physical and chemical changes in their bodies and turn into coal. This process takes place over millions of years and the coals are divided into Lignite, Subbituminous, Coal, Bituminous coal and Anthracite types according to their organic maturity.
Lignite and partially Sub-Bituminous coals are generally soft, brittle and dull in appearance. The main feature of this type of coal is that they contain relatively high moisture and their carbon content is low. Anthracite and bituminous coals are generally hard and shiny. Relatively low moisture content and high carbon content. Geologically, the ages of coals vary between 400 million years and 15 million years. Generally, older coals are of higher quality.

Why is Coal Important in Daily Life All Over the World?

Coal is the oldest in the world, clean fossil fuel that is reliable and can be obtained at low cost. Common: Coal is produced in more than 50 countries around the world. Coal reserves are not found in a certain part of the world like other fossil fuels (oil and natural gas) but are widely available all over the world. Safe: It is the safest fossil fuel in terms of coal use, storage and transportation. Reliable: In terms of reliable supply of electrical energy at competitive prices in industrial and other fields, the widespread presence of coal in the world and the fact that it is produced by many countries ensures reliability in supply.